MAKAR SANKRANT FESTIVAL.
According to script mentioned in Vedas & Puraans, there was a demon name Sankarasur & Kinkarasur. They had spread their wickedness & disturbed the peace of holly people prayers .
On this particular day Sankranti killed the demon Sanskarasur. In some Vedas it is also known as day of Karidin.
In Vishnu Puraan, it is mentioned, female goddess killed demon kinkarasura. This day is known as kinkrant. Since that day we have been celebrating festival of Makar Sankrant. Now we don't give much importance to this festival but many generations ago this festival was celebrated like Diwali.
ZODIAC STATUS: -
Mostly Hindu festival is celebrated according to moon position. But this day Karidin is depended on the position of Sun. As sun enters the sign of Capricorn the day is celebrated as Makar Sankrant. Hence 14 Jan is celebrated as Makar Sankrant. According to tithi or Hindu calendar, every 80 years Sankrant is delayed by 1 day.
Different region celebration:-
Makar Sankranti day, people celebrate all around India with different names & prayers.
People do take dip in Holly Rivers like Ganga, Godavari, Krishna, Yamuna, Kaveri in different region of India.
Legend says, on this day offering & distribution of few dhatus (metal) with food stuff bring luck & keeps evil negative vibes away from the house. This day is also known to change negative thoughts to positive. This helps people for good future with good health &good wealth.
In past offerings were done according to the people status. Kings and Merchants use to do offering of land, Elephants, Cows Horses, Gold, and Silver to improve the relation between people. It also helped them to be positive & helpful where help was needed. Good relations were maintained. Enemies were turned to friends. Basic moral is to spread love among the people with whom you stay.
Now day's people don't do offering like old days but try to keep atmosphere positive with moral support & offerings. People do visit other houses. Married woman celebrate this festival by forming groups.
North India (Punjab):-
In Punjab, Lohri is celebrated on this day. People prepare bon fire & in evening time they burn the bon fire. Small prayer for good future & good health is done. This prayer is done in front of bon fire.
Coconut, sugarcane pieces, sesame seeds, rice, cheek peas are put in fire as offering. In few region of Punjab this day is also known as Maghi.
People in U.P take dip in holly river like Ganga. It is said to wash our sin by dipping your self in Ganga. Many region of UP fair is held.
People of Uttar Pradesh also call this day as Lohri or Khichri.
Even in Bengal people take dip in holy rivers. Fair is held in many region if Bengal.
Festival starts in Sabrimala 40 days before 14 Jan. People do visit the temple of Sabrimala & do the prayer of God Ayyapa.
In Orrisa also this festival is celebrated like Punjab. They do bon fire &small fair is held in different region of Orrisa.
This festival is also celebrated in Maharashtra & holiday is declared for the school.
Married woman make a group and do prayer, which is called as Haldi Kumkum.
Haldi is turmeric & Kumkum is red powder which married woman puts on there fore head in circle shape.
Sweet is made from Jaggery, ground nut & sesame. They distribute this sweet along with other offerings. While distributing they keep there mind positive & always keep the hopes of better future. They say 1 sentence in Marathi language "Teel gud ghya aani goad goad bola".
Teel – sesame seed.
Teel gud ghya aani goad goad bola" This sentence means take the sweet made of sesame & keeps the attitude positive & talks sweetly.
In this festival lot of importance is given to sesame seed. Sesame seed stands as mediator for two people. It is said sesame seed got spiritual importance. It helps in throwing evil from house & brings luck when offered in fire.
Mud pots—Small 5 mud pot of 4inch diameter called as sugad is applied with turmeric & tied with thread. They are filled with different type of seeds & kept on wooden seat. These 5 pots are worshipped & this ceremony is called as Haldi Kumkum.
In Karnataka, ladies do visit different houses & distribute sugarcane, fried sesame seeds & other eatable food stuff which is home cooked. The offering is similar like Teel "gud ghya aani goad goad bola" as same Maharashtra people do. But they do speak in there own language.
They also do prayer. In evening time Animals like cow, ox, are decorated & procession with drums & music is taken on streets. Even bon fire is done in evening time.
This day is known as Pongal. Four days are celebrated in Andhra Pradesh.
1st day is called Bhogi.
2nd day is called Sankranti.
3rd day is called Kanuma
4th Day is called Mukkanuma.
Each day has its own important history according to the legend.
In Assam this day is known as Bhogali Bihu.
They perform old ancestor dance ceremony. Some tribal people of Assam do the tribal dance which is always done once in a year.
This way whole India celebrates festival of Makar Sankranti.
MAKAR SANKRANT FESTIVAL.