Introduction to Mumbai
Mumbai (Bombay) is the capital of Maharashtra in India, having a population of 14 million. Mumbai word comes out from Mumbadevi means" the koli goddess" and Aai "means mother". It is counted among the most populous city in the world. It is on the west coast of India. Mumbai is having highest GDP in Asia and is the richest city in India. Mumbai is a combination of 7 islands. In 2009, Mumbai was named as Alpha World City. The British East India Company ruled by indigenous empires and these islands then. In 18th century Bombay emerged as a trading town and British introduced so many civil projects here. In 19th century Bombay's economic and educational grounds were on good development. In 1947 after independence, Bombay was declared as Indian state and was renamed to Mumbai in 1996. The old names of this city are Kakamuchee and Galajunkja.
With generating 5% GDP,25% industrial output,70% of maritime trade in india, Mumbai is the commercial city of India. It is the headquarters of so many Indian and international companies like Reserve Bank of India, National Stock Exchange of India, and Bombay Stock Exchange. This city is also known as Bollywood city, home of Indian film and television industry.
There are two regions in Mumbai: Mumbai City District and Mumbai suburban district creates two separate revenue districts in the state. Total area of Mumbai is 233 sq mi . it lies near Ulhas River on west coast of India, called Konkan. Arabian sea covered the Mumbai in west. Mumbai is just only 14m above sea level and the highest point of city is 450 m above sea level i.e Northern Mumbai.
Six major lakes Powai,Vihar,LowerVaitarna,Upper Vaitarna,Tulsi and Tansa supplies water to the city. Because of sea most of the soil is sandy and in suburbs soil is mostly alluvial and loamy.
Mumbai has tropical wet and dry climate. December to February is winter season and March to June is summer season. From June to September is monsoon season and from October to November is post monsoon season.
Maximum rainfall annually (1954) : 135.9 inch
Highest rainfall day: 26 July,2005 (37.1 inch )
Average annual temperature: 27.2 degree Celsius
Average maximum temperature: 31.2 degree Celsius
Mumbai generating 6.16% GDP and is commercial and financial city of country.
Factory employment : 10%
Industrial output : 25%
Income Tax : 33%
Custom Duty : 60%
Central excise tax : 20%
Foreign Trade : 40%
These days Mumbai includes all kinds of industries like textile mills, banking sector, healthcare, IT and engineering, media.
Major television and radio channels are having their headquarters here.
Mumbai was also the" Top Ten Cities for Billionaires" in 2008.
Mumbai is administered by the (BMC) Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation . A mayor for 2.5 years is chosen by a councilors through indirect elections. Municipal Commissioner is the head of Municipal Corporation and also the CEO.
District Collector holds the two revenue districts of Mumbai. His duty is to collect the property records and revenue collection for government.
Mumbai police is controlled by Police commissioner and comes under the Home ministry. There are 7 police zones and 17 traffic police zones controlled by DCP.
Higher court here is Mumbai Higher Court and has two lower courts:
Small Causes court : For civil matters
Session Court : For Criminal cases
And TADA for terrorist activities.
Mumbai's Transportation :
Mumbai Suburban Railway, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) buses are the public transportation system here and also has rickshaws, auto,taxis. 5.5 million passengers per day are carried by Mumbai buses and theer are 4000 buses approx in this city. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) is the government body for transportation in Mumbai which connects it to local areas and other states of India.
Mumbai also has Central railway and Western railway carries 7 million daily. Mumbai Metro is also the major transportation in Mumbai these days.
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is the major airport of Mumbai,which holds 30 million passengers daily.
Mumbai has two sea ports in Navi Mumbai Mumbai Port Trust and Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, which are the major point of import and export for India.
Mumbai's Demographics :
Census 2001: 11,914,398
Census 2010 : 21,347,412 approx
Population density : 22,000 per sq.Km.
Sex ratio : 774 females per 1,000 males
Literacy rate : 69%
Religions : Hindu.Muslim,Sikh,Christians,Buddhist,Jains,Jews
Introduction to Mumbai