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History of Shiv Sena


Posted Date: 28-Aug-2010  Last Updated:   Category: Political parties    
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Balasaheb Thackeray established the Shiv Sena in 1966 in Mumbai. Since then the party has evolved and ruled and became firm on the political map of India. Here is a brief history of the political party Shiv Sena



Balasaheb Thackeray established the Shiv Sena in 1966 in Mumbai. Since then Shiv Sena has evolved and ruled and became firm on the political map of India. Here is a brief history of the political party Shiv Sena.



Need to establish Shiv Sena



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Maharashtra was established as a state on 1st May 1960. Mumbai was the capital of the state of Maharashtra. But the percentage of non-marathi people in Mumbai was almost 57%. This included north Indians, Biharis, South Indians, Gujrathis and Punjabis. This resulted in problems faced by Marathi speaking population. Jobs, businesses and various posts started to be handled by the non-Marathi people. The ruling party Congress at that time never payed any heed to the problems of Marathi people. As a result, Balasaheb Thackeray did various rounds of Maharashtra and mostly Mumbai to spread awareness regarding the Marathi manus issue. He re iterated the purpose of establishment of a separate state of Maharashtra. He created awareness among the Marathi people regarding their right on the land of Maharashtra. On these lines, he established a new political party in Maharashtra named Shiv Sena.



Foundation of Shiv Sena


Because of the problems faced, Mr. Balasaheb Thackeray established the Shiv Sena on 19th June, 1966. Shiv Sena means army of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Symbol of Shiv Sena: Tiger

tiger

Holy God of Shiv Sena: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
Flag of Shiv Sena: Bhagva Zenda
Chief of Shiv Sena: Balasaheb Thackeray

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is the Aradhya Daivat of the Marathi people. Seeking blessings of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Shiv Sena was established. Shiv Sena was announced as a political party for the welfare of the Marathi people. Its primary aim is upiftment and development of Marathi people.

The symbol of Shiv Sena was stamped as tiger. The reason for this is that tiger is the 'vahan' of the deity Bhavani Mata. Also, tiger symbolizes aggression. This was done to produce a spark in Marathi people for their love of the Maharashtra. Their motivation became the roar of the tiger. So, the symbol of Shiv Sena became tiger.

The flag of Shiv Sena was the Bhagva Zenda. This is the flag of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Bhagva symbolizes the freedom struggle for the establishment of 'Swarajya' by Shivaji Maharaj. Overcoming all the hardships and difficulties, Shivaji Maharaj had established the much needed 'Swarajya'. This was done for the removal of hardships of the common people. On the same lines, Balasaheb Thackeray began the political party with the flag as Bhagva.



Aims of Shiv Sena



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1. Progress and Development of Maharashtra
2. To maintain the cultural heritage and prosperity of Maharashtra.
3. To preserve respect for the Marathi Manus
4. To spread Marathi culture.
5. Provide job opportunities to Marathi people.
6. Eradicate poverty and unemployment
7. To stop non-Marathi population migration into Maharashtra
8. To preserve historical monuments and forts of Maharashtra



First sabha of Shiv Sena at Shivaji Park, Mumbai


On 30th October, 1966, first ever jahir sabha of Shiv Sena was organized at Shivaji Park, Mumbai. The response to this meeting was overwhelming. This sabha stamped the authority of Shiv Sena and within a few years became the major political party of Maharashtra. After a few years, it gained national recognition and started to play important part in the India's political system.

jahir sabha

Above is the exclusive picture of Balasaheb Thackeray conducting the first sabha of Shiv Sena. It was a mesmerizing speech by Balasaheb Thackeray. He pointed out the hardships and problems faced by the Marathi manoos. He also put forward the steps he would begin for the development of the state of Maharashtra and the overall pragati of Marathi manoos.

Some of the famous quotes from the first Sabha of Shiv Sena are as follows:
1. "Asa he drushya ahe ki je kuni ithe nasel tyache durdaivach mhanava lagnar"
2. "Maharajanchya bajula je kumpan ahe te prantiyateche nasun amchya shradheche ahe"
3. "Jyala Uttam Marathi yeta tyalach hya rajyat nokri milel, housing gala milel"
4. "Hoy, Mi prantiya ahe.."




Achievements of Shiv Sena


Shiv Sena was a part of the NDA i.e National Democratic Alliance that ruled the Parliament of India for a period of 5 years from 1998 to 2002. The government led by Prime Minister of India Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, was supported by Shiv Sena. Shiv Sena claims to have done a number of civil development works during this period of power.

Shiv Sena in Parliament


Elected Shiv Sena candidates in 1991 Lok Sabha elections: 4
Elected Shiv Sena candidates in 1996 Lok Sabha elections: 15
Elected Shiv Sena candidates in 1999 Lok Sabha elections: 15
Elected Shiv Sena candidates in 2004 Lok Sabha elections: 12
Elected Shiv Sena candidates in 2009 Lok Sabha elections: 11

Shiv Sena in 2009 Assembly elections


Shiv Sena's performance in the 2009 Maharashtra state assembly elections is as follows:
Number of Shiv Sena candidates contested: 151
Number of Shiv Sena candidates victorious: 44

Shiv Sena in 2004 Assembly elections


Shiv Sena's performance in the 2004 Maharashtra state assembly elections is as follows:
Number of Shiv Sena candidates contested: 163
Number of Shiv Sena candidates victorious: 62



Official website and contact details of Shiv Sena



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Official website of Shiv Sena:
www.shivsena.org

Address of Shiv Sena:
Sena Bhavan,
Ram Ganesh Gadkari Chowk,
Dadar,
Mumbai 400069.
Maharashtra, INDIA

Phone number of Shiv Sena
Phn number: +91 22 2422 2222 / 2422 2223

Email of Shiv Sena: writetous@shivsena.org


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